Adenomyosis is a medical condition that affects the uterus, specifically the inner lining of the uterus. This condition is common among people who menstruate and can cause painful periods, heavy bleeding, and discomfort during intercourse.
Adenomyosis occurs when the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus grow into the muscle wall of the uterus. This can cause the uterus to become enlarged and tender, which can lead to a range of symptoms. The exact cause of adenomyosis is unknown, but it is believed to be related to hormonal imbalances and inflammation.
Symptoms of adenomyosis can include:
- Painful periods
- Heavy bleeding
- Iron deficiency or anaemia
- Clots during menstruation
- Pelvic pain
- Pain during sex
Diagnosing adenomyosis can be challenging, as the symptoms can be similar to those of other conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids. Your healthcare provider may perform a physical exam, a pelvic ultrasound, or an MRI to help diagnose the condition.
Treatment for adenomyosis can include medication, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or hormonal birth control, to help manage symptoms. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the uterus (hysterectomy).
It's important to note that while adenomyosis can cause discomfort and inconvenience, it is not a life-threatening condition. It is also important to remember that individuals who menstruate may experience a range of menstrual-related conditions, and there is no one "right" way to experience these conditions.
If you are experiencing symptoms of adenomyosis or any other menstrual-related condition, it's important to speak with your healthcare provider. They can help diagnose the condition and provide recommendations for managing symptoms.